Taking Charge of Health and Diabetes

July 8th, 2010

What is diabetes mellitus type two? How can you avoid being diagnosed with this disorder?

It is a metabolic disorder that people usually develop in their adult years. It means that you have high blood glucose and insulin deficiency.

It is the most common form and millions of people have been diagnosed with it. The dangerous part is that there are many Americans that are unaware that they are at high risk for getting it and do not get it diagnosed early on.

There are two different things that could be happening with your insulin levels. Your body may not be producing enough insulin on its own to keep up with your diet or the cells in your body are ignoring it.

When you eat food, you put it into your mouth to first break it up into smaller pieces. The smaller pieces of food then enter into the rest of your body and your stomach and intestines break down all of the sugars and starches into glucose.

Glucose is the basic fuel for the cells in your body and insulin is the transporter that takes the sugar from the blood into your cells. When that is not working, the glucose builds up in the blood and does not get into the cells which lead to diabetes complications.

How can you know if you have this disorder? There are some symptoms to look for and it is important to note that type one is different from type two.

You can get dehydrated very easily because the buildup of sugar in your blood can cause an increase in urination. Your body is trying to get rid of the sugar from the body and will cause you to use the bathroom more often.

If the dehydration becomes too severe, you develop hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetic coma and can turn into a life threatening complication. It is where you cannot drink enough fluids to make up for all of the fluids you are losing.

This disorder also causes damage to your body. It can hurt the nerves and blood vessels in your eyes, kidneys, and heart.

It can also lead to heart disease called atherosclerosis which causes your arteries to harden. This will lead to heart attack and stroke.

You can suffer from increased hunger, dry mouth, nausea, fatigue, blurred vision, frequent infections of the skin or urinary tract, and numbness or tingling of the hands or feet. These vary between different people, but most exhibit a few of these symptoms at some time.

People can develop abnormalities in the eyes related to the disorder. You must control the sugar in your blood pressure and cholesterol so you can stop eye disease from progressing.

The longer you have this disorder, the more your risk of kidney disease is. It can cause kidney failure and heart disease.

When your nerves and arteries harden, it leads to decreased sensation and bad blood circulation especially in your feet. This causes more infections and ulcers which raise the risk of amputation.

Cutting your toenails can be a dangerous thing to do because if you cut it down too low, you can start bleeding and get an infection. Infections in the feet tend to take a long time to heal and may not heal properly if you do not take care of it the right way.

It may be in your best interest to have someone else that is a professional nail cutter and has a better view of your feet to clip your nails. Take good care of your feet and be very careful with them.

Scientists are not sure why this disorder has a genetic link and runs in some families. But they do know that you can help prevent from getting this disorder yourself.

It all comes to healthy living. Making sure that you get the exercise you need daily which is at least twenty to thirty minutes doing a physical activity.

Your diet is also important to keeping healthy. Just because diabetes runs in your family does not mean that you have to get it or that you will get it eventually, it just means you may have to work a little harder to stay away from it.

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